China's auto parts to form international competitiveness is just around the corner
By 2020, through innovation-driven, support some Chinese brand enterprises, the development of 10 to 15 internationally competitive independent parts and components enterprise group, in which a single parts and components products in the international well-known brands; by 2025, support some Chinese brand enterprises, the development of 30 internationally competitive independent parts and components enterprise group, in which a single parts and components products in the top five international brands .
This is the China Association of Automobile Manufacturers Deputy Secretary General Ye Shengji in the not too long ago held in Pinghu, Zhejiang 2015 China auto parts industry annual meeting and China auto parts development and zero cooperation summit forum on the words, roughly described the next 5 to 10 years of China's auto parts industry development goals. During the interview with China Industry News, Ye Shengji introduced the current situation of the industry and the goals and directions of future development from different aspects to the reporter.
China Industry News: First of all, please talk about the overall trend of the automotive market in the current economic situation.
Ye Shengji: The growth rate of China's auto market has slowed down and the trend of entering the growth transition phase is irreversible. From the medium and long-term factors, China's auto market is facing the growth rate shift period, there is a natural requirement to fall; from the short-term factors, due to the macroeconomic growth rate decline, some cities purchase restrictions, standardized government procurement expenditure, urban car model innovation, the stock market occupies funds and other factors overlapping with the medium and long-term factors, intensify the market volatility. Chinese brands continue the initial stage of development mode can no longer survive, must carry out a deep transformation, brand building into the assault stage. In general, in the market growth rate continues to slow down, the industry-wide economic indicators tend to weaken, transformation and upgrading, improve performance can not wait.
China Industry News: What is the general situation of parts?
Ye Shengji: According to the China Automobile Association statistics, January to September this year, China's auto parts manufacturing enterprises above the size of the main business income of 2,266.742 billion yuan, an increase of 6.73%; total profit of 163.144 billion yuan, an increase of 8.71%. Compared with the automotive industry as a whole, the economic indicators of the auto parts industry has been steadily improving.
China Industry News: no innovation is no future, how about the R&D innovation of parts and components enterprises?
Ye Shengji: 2014 annual report data of listed companies show that a total of 83 of the 88 listed auto parts companies, including statistics, released detailed data on R&D expenditure in 2014. Among them, the number of enterprises whose R&D investment accounted for more than 5% of revenue reached 17, and 83 enterprises invested a total of 12.862 billion yuan in R&D. The average value of R&D investment accounted for 3.88% of the year's operating income, compared with 2.7% in 2012 and 3.27% in 2013, a significant increase.
For the auto parts industry, we must focus on promoting scientific and technological innovation to enhance the ability to overcome key component technologies; at the same time, we must diligently practice our internal skills and carry out innovation in production methods to improve the comprehensive utilization efficiency of resource factors. According to statistics, the country currently has more than 10 national high-tech enterprises and nearly 100 provincial high-tech enterprises, while building a number of national and provincial enterprise technology centers, greatly improving the ability of key and important parts technology, to lay the foundation for the next stage to enhance the innovation and development capabilities of Chinese brand auto parts.
China Industry News: In recent years, China's auto parts industry in the cluster development and group development have come out of a new way, what are the new changes in these areas?
Ye Shengji: In recent years, China's auto parts industry has shown a cluster development trend, has formed the northeast, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Bohai, Central, Southwest, Pearl River Delta and the Yangtze River Delta six major auto parts cluster region. Six industry clusters regional parts output value occupies about 80% of the industry. Among them, the Yangtze River Delta parts output value share of about 37%, the largest region for domestic auto parts output value, of which Shanghai is the country's largest parts industry base, output value accounted for 20% of total production, Zhejiang and Jiangsu accounted for about 17%.
Domestic parts and components enterprises attached to the development of the vehicle, the initial formation of FAW Fu Ao and Fu Wei, Dongfeng parts, SAIC Huayu, Guangzhou Auto Parts, BAIC Hainachuan parts group, strengthening the regional industry chain of parts and components resource integration and vertical division of labor and cooperation efforts. Overall, China's auto parts industry has basically formed the pattern of six major auto industry clusters in the Northeast, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the Pearl River Delta and the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, and the output of the six major auto industry clusters accounts for nearly 80% of the total national output.
China Industry News: The theme of this year's annual meeting is the development and implementation of the Made in China 2025 strategy to expand and strengthen China's auto industry, so what is the strategic plan for the auto parts industry?
Ye Shengji: parts and components is the most important basis for the development of the automotive industry. China's auto industry into a new normal, China's auto parts industry will face greater challenges. In order to implement the "Made in China 2025", accelerate the improvement of the core competitiveness of the automotive industry, to support the construction of a strong automotive country, to better lead the development of the auto parts industry, we have studied and basically determined the development of China's auto parts strategy and planning program.
Guiding ideology to "Made in China 2025" as the strategic leadership, adhere to the construction of a strong automotive country as a guideline, adhere to the main enterprise, market-driven and policy-oriented, adhere to the combination of independent innovation and openness to the outside world, adhere to the vehicle enterprises to lead, the whole zero synergistic development. Based on local, international, promote the development of parts specialization, internationalization, branding; based on independent research and development and technological innovation, and constantly optimize the industrial structure and enhance industrial competitiveness, industrial transformation and upgrading, the comprehensive formation of China's auto parts independent innovation capabilities.
China Industry News: In the medium and long term, what is the future development goal of the parts industry?
Ye Shengji: from the industrial concentration, by 2020, the first 30 major parts group enterprises output value accounted for by the current 20% to 30%; by 2025, the main domestic cluster parts output value exceeded 2.5 trillion yuan, of which the first 30 major parts group enterprises output value accounted for more than 40%.
From the brand competitiveness, by 2020, through innovation-driven, support part of the Chinese brand enterprises, the development of 10 to 15 internationally competitive independent parts and components enterprise group, of which a single parts and components products in the international well-known brands; by 2025, support part of the Chinese brand enterprises, the development of 30 internationally competitive independent parts and components enterprise group, of which a single parts and components products in the International well-known brands in the top five.
From the market development point of view, by 2020, the share of domestic independent brand core parts supporting to 30%, parts exports accounted for the total output value of parts to 10%; by 2025, the share of domestic independent brand core parts supporting to 40%, and strive for 2025 parts exports accounted for 20% of the total output value of parts.
From the industrial structure optimization and upgrading, combined with the key areas of Made in China 2025 technology development requirements, industrial structure optimization and upgrading, comprehensive promotion of energy-saving vehicles, new energy vehicles, intelligent networked auto parts development, especially the development of the core components.
China Industry News: energy-saving new energy vehicles and intelligent vehicles in the planning how?
Ye Shengji: By 2020, energy-saving vehicles to achieve the average fuel consumption of new passenger cars better than 5 liters / 100 km, the Chinese brand market share of key components more than 50%; commercial vehicles average fuel consumption close to the international advanced level, the Chinese brand market share of key components more than 70%. By 2025, in the field of energy-saving vehicles, the average fuel consumption of new passenger cars is better than 4 liters/100 kilometers, and the market share of key components of Chinese brands exceeds 60%; the average fuel consumption of commercial vehicles is close to the international advanced level, and the market share of key components of Chinese brands exceeds 80%.
By 2020, in the field of new energy vehicles, power batteries, drive motors and other key systems to reach the international advanced level, the Chinese brand market share of 80%; by 2025, in the field of new energy vehicles, the formation of independent and controlled complete industrial chain.
In the field of intelligent vehicles, by 2020, in the field of intelligent networked vehicles, master the key technologies of sensors, controllers, supply capacity to meet the scale of development needs, product quality to reach the international advanced level.
By 2025, in the field of intelligent networked vehicles, sensors and controllers reach the international advanced level, and master the key technology of actuators.
China Industry News: What is the consideration of parts technology and research and development?
Ye Shengji: For the development of key technologies of components, by 2020, gradually master the key technologies in the field of clean and efficient powertrain, automotive electronics, new energy and core components related to intelligent vehicles, and actively promote the cultivation of internationally competitive components group companies; by 2025, strive to achieve the next generation of powertrain, intelligent automotive electronics, core components related to new energy vehicles By 2025, we will strive to achieve breakthroughs in the fields of next-generation powertrain systems, intelligent automotive electronics, and core components related to new energy vehicles, and create three to five internationally competitive and well-known parts groups and a number of well-known independent parts brands.
For the strengthening of parts and components R & D, by 2020, actively guide the backbone of automotive parts and components enterprises to increase R & D investment and technology development, to achieve the backbone of the annual minimum R & D investment in parts and components enterprises accounted for 4 % to 5% of the main business income; by 2025, the backbone of parts and components enterprises annual minimum R & D expenditure accounted for 5% to 6% of sales revenue. Cooperate with the vehicle enterprises or world-renowned parts enterprises to build more than five large key parts products along the technology "platform research and development" and "application technology" engineering technology research center, to enhance the transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
For the improvement of parts product quality, by 2020, Chinese brand parts product quality to achieve significant improvements, basically reach the international advanced manufacturing level and capacity, to build a high level of low-cost parts to meet the development of the vehicle supporting supply system; by 2025, the establishment of a more complete set of medium and high-end vehicle parts supporting supply system, ranked in the middle level of developed countries.
China Industry News: in the industrial production layout how to consider?
Ye Shengji: in the parts industry platform development, by 2020, make full use of existing industry service resources, build a comprehensive platform for parts development, promote the healthy and rapid development of the industry; the initial construction of parts industry third-party service platform, build parts product quality credit platform. By 2025, the construction of the completion of the whole zero cooperation supporting system, parts industry third-party service platform, parts product quality credit operation system.
In the development of industrial clustering, by 2020, the construction of two to three parts headquarters, research and development, sales and other comprehensive functions of the national characteristics of parts demonstration bases and clustering areas. By 2025, the construction of five national parts bases with parts headquarters, research and development, sales and integrated functions of high and medium; national parts agglomeration area built more than five national parts technology innovation and development alliance, 5-6 large common technology and public service platform. In addition, around the camera, radar, navigation and positioning, radio frequency chips, wireless communication terminals and controllers, etc., to create 2 ~ 3 parts industry gathering area.